Saturday, February 2, 2013

Animals, Mammals and Birds

Albatross: Sea birds, North Pacific, off the American coast. Also found in Antarctica

Alpaca: Animal found in Chile (South America)

Apes: These are four kinds of apes in the world, two in Africa: Gorilla and the Chimpanzee, and two in Asia: Gibbon and the Orang - Utan.

Beaver: Found in Europe (Russia and Poland) and North America. It is a genus of mammals of the Rodentia order with short scaly ears and webbed hind feet and broad flat muscular tail. Its skin is of considerable commercial value. It is noted for ingenuity and industry in building houses and damming shallow streams. It is also valued for its reddish brown fur and a secretion costoreum (Caster oil) used in medicines and perfumes.

Camel: Found in deserts of Arabia and India. It has long legs with padded feet, a long neck with a hump on its back. Its hump is made up of fat and is a storehouse for food. It can also store water in the stomach and can go for days without a drink. It is also called “Ship of the Desert”.

Chameleon: It is a family of lizards. The common chameleon is a native of Africa. Chameleon is remarkable for its power of changing colour to resemble its surroundings when surprised a power that is due to the presence of pigment bearing cells beneath the skin. It is slow in movement.

Cheetah: Found in India and Africa. Fastest land animal at short run

Corals: Small marine animals closely related to seaanemone, found mainly in the Mediterranean; also found in the Indian Ocean.

Crocodiles: can be recognised by their narrow snouts which have a notch near the front on both sides. They live mostly in the tropics along the sides of rivers and lakes. Alligators also resemble the crocodile but have broader snouts.

Dinosaurs: They are great reptiles flourished about 150 million years ago in the Jurassic period. It was over 24 m long and must have weighed some 30,000 kilograms. Its tiny head contained a brain no larger than a hen’s egg. It was clumsy and slow-moving and probably quite harmless.

Elephant: Found in Africa and India. It is the largest existing quadruped. Both males and females have large ivory tusk of considerable commercial value. The Indian elephant is domesticated and can carry up to 2,000 lbs. on long journeys maintaining a pace of about 6 km per hour.

Emu: Running bird of Australia. It is the largest of living birds after the Ostrich.

Giraffe : Found in Africa and South Sahara except in the Congo forests. It is the tallest of existing animals.

Ilama: A dwarf camel-like animal found in South America. It has no hump, but has a long neck and is used as a beast of burden.

Kangaroo: Is a pouched (Marsupial) mammal of Australia. It can reach a height of over 6 ft. It is the national animal of Australia.

Kiwi: Flightless bird, found in New Zealand, now very rare. It is little larger than a domestic hen and lays astonishingly large eggs for their size. Its feathers are hair-like and it has rudimentary wings concealed by the plumage.

Koala: Animal found in Australia.

Ladybird: It is an insect usually of a red or yellow colour with small coloured or black spots.

Lion: Among the big cats, the lions live in open grassland, its tawny coat blending with the dry bush. It is lazy in habit, Gir forest is familiar in India.

Mustang: Animal found in American prairies

Nightingale: A singing bird found in India

Octopus: A genus of marine mollusc with eight tentacles that bear suckers.

Ostrich : Largest living bird now found only on the sandy plains of Africa and parts of South West Asia. The male has beautiful white plumes on wings and tails. The wings are useless for flight, but the
birds have a fleetness of foot exceeding that of the swiftest horse.

Oyster: is a bivalve molluscs which is eaten as a delicacy, the pearl oyster may grow a pearl under its shell. This is due to an initation probably a tiny spect of sand, which the oyster covers with mother-of-pearl.

Penguin: is a genus of large birds with small wings and webbed feet. They exist in enormous numbers in the Southern Ocean and Antarctica Sea. They are facile swimmers, and live on fish.

Plover: Bird, common in all continents except Africa and South America.

Puma: A carnivorous quadruped of North America. It is called “American Lion”. It is smaller than lion.

Reindeer: A genus of deer horned in both sexes; Siberia.

Rhinoceros: Found in swamps of Assam and Sunderbans; South-East Asia; Africa.

Seal: fish found in Northern Russia.

Sea Lions: One of the families of Seal found in the Pacific.

Shark: A large and powerful ocean fish, mostly found in tropical seas. Oil is obtained from its liver.

Swifts: are birds of the air with extraordinary ability and speed in flight. The world’s tiniest humming birds of tropical America. They dart about with dazzling speed, hovering moving up & down sideways and even backwards.

Tiger: India is the home land of Tiger which ranges across the Far East to the Indonesia. National animal of India, its stripes help to blend with the tall grass and bamboo thickets in which it hides.

Trout: a fresh water fish of the Salmonidae family; found in Kashmir.

Walrus: A very large marine mammal related to the Seals; Arctic Sea.

Whales: The magnificient blue Whale is the greatest animal on earth, reaching a length of 30 m and weighing upto 18,000 kilograms. No other animal has reached this. Although a mammal, the Whale looks fish - like only because it lives in water and has a streamlined body.

Yak: A curious long-haired ox, found in Tibet.

Yeti: Or the abominable snow-man of the high Himalayas is variously being from 6 to 12 ft. tall half- Gorilla-like, with shaggy body and hairless face. His foot-prints have been seen and photographed many times.

Zebra: African quadruped of whitish-grey colour with regular black stripes.

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